THORS eLearning Solutions

Green Sand Properties


Green Sand Properties is an introduction to the basic terminology and methodology applied to green sand systems.
Learning Hours: 1.5

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Course Description

Green Sand Properties is an introduction to the basic terminology and methodology applied to green sand systems. Presented in THORS’ highly visual and interactive learning format, this course equips foundry employees with a more robust and comprehensive understanding of the physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of foundry grade green sand.

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Who will benefit from this Green Sand course?

Companies, individuals, or educational institutions that require an understanding of the properties of green sand.

Course Classification

This manufacturing course by THORS eLearning Solutions covers identification of key terms and understanding of key concepts.

*THORS uses the Bloom’s Taxonomy Methodology for our course development.

Certificate Awarded for Green Sand Properties

Example of certificate awarded upon successful completion of the course.

*upon successful completion

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Learning Objectives

  1. Understand some of the basic characteristics of green sand.
  2. Differentiate between the various green sand ingredients.
  3. Recall the system used to classify sand distribution.
  4. Identify the common properties associated with green sand systems.
Illustration of coarse and fine sand demonstrating the amount of green sand permeability, measure of air flow through a sand mass.
Green Sand Properties

Table of Contents

  1. Green Sand Characteristics
    1. Sand Mining
    2. Green Sand Ingredients
    3. Sand Types
      1. Silica Sands
      2. Specialty Sands
    4. Sand Size
    5. Sand Size Distribution
    6. Sand Shapes
      1. Angular Sand
      2. Sub-Angular Sand
      3. Round (Spherical) Sand
      4. Compound Sand
    7. Types of Additives
      1. Carbons
      2. Cellulose
      3. Cereals
    8. Types of Bentonite
    9. Effects of Moisture
  2. Measured and Derived Properties
    1. Measured Properties
      1. AFS Clay
      2. Compactability
      3. Dry Compression Strength
      4. Friability
      5. Green Compression Strength
      6. Green Tensile Strength
      7. Hot Compression Strength
      8. Loss on Ignition (LOI)
      9. Methylene Blue (MB) Clay
      10. Moisture
      11. Mold Hardness
      12. Permeability
      13. Refractoriness
      14. Thermal Expansion
      15. Size Distribution
      16. Specimen Weight
      17. Wet Tensile Strength
    2. Derived Properties
      1. Available Bond
      2. Working Bond
      3. Mulling Efficiency

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