Metal Cutting: Machine Tool Fundamentals

Machine Tool Fundamentals provides an introduction to the components, terminology, and capabilities of machine tools typically used in the industry. Presented in THORS’ highly visual and interactive learning format, this course will help employees in machining industries become familiar with the important equipment and terminology associated with their profession.


Learning Objectives

  • Identify various common elements of machine tools, such as cutting tools, workholding, and operational movement.
  • Identify primary components and characteristics of various machine tools in the industry.
  • Identify the operational axes of various machine tools in the industry and what motions occur along the axes.
  • Recognize parts that could be made and the processes that could be performed by the various machine tools.
Course Length: 4 HRS

Table of Contents

Introduction to Machine Tools

Lathes and Turning Centers

  • Manual Lathes
    • Primary Components
    • Operational Axes
    • Uses
  • Turning Centers
    • Turning Center Components: Live Center
    • Turning Center Components: Turret
    • Turning Center Components: Live Spindle
    • Horizontal Turning Center: Primary Components
    • Horizontal Turning Center: Operational Axes
    • Horizontal Turning Center: Uses
    • Vertical Turning Center: Primary Components
    • Vertical Turning Center: Operational Axes
    • Vertical Turning Center: Uses
    • Screw Machine: Primary Components
    • Screw Machine: Operational Axes
    • Screw Machine: Uses

Common Machine Tool Elements

  • Cutting Tools
    • Cutting Tool Classification
    • Cutting Tool Location
  • Workholding Devices
    • Chucks
    • Clamps
    • Collets
    • Fixtures
    • Vises
  • Operational Axes
    • X, Y, and Z Axes: Vertical Spindle
    • X, Y, and Z Axes: Horizontal Spindle
    • A, B, and C Axes

Machining Centers

  • Machining Center Components
    • Automatic Tool Changer: Tool Storage
    • Automatic Tool Changer: Tool Change Arm
    • Rotary Table: Rotates for Additional Operational Axes
    • Rotary Table: Rotates for Workpiece Change
    • Pallet Changer
  • Vertical Machining Center (VMC)
    • Primary Components
    • Operational Axes
    • Uses
  • Horizontal Machining Center (HMC)
    • Primary Components
    • Operational Axes
    • Uses
    • Variation: Horizontal Boring Mill
  • Five-Axis Machining Center
    • Primary Components
    • Operational Axes
    • Uses
    • Variation: Special Purpose Machine

Drilling and Milling Machines

  • Drilling Machines
    • Drill Press: Primary Components
    • Drill Press: Operational Axes
    • Drill Press: Uses
    • Drill Press: Column Drilling Machine
    • Radial Arm Drill: Primary Components
    • Radial Arm Drill: Operational Axes
    • Radial Arm Drill: Uses
  • Milling Machines
    • Vertical Milling Machine: Primary Components
    • Vertical Milling Machine: Operational Axes
    • Vertical Milling Machine: Uses
    • Vertical Milling Machine: Horizontal Milling Machine

Grinding Machines

  • Cylindrical Grinding Machine
    • OD Cylindrical Grinding Machine
    • Conventional OD Cylindrical Grinding Machine
    • ID Cylindrical Grinding Machine
    • Centerless Grinding Machine
  • Surface Grinding Machine
    • Reciprocating Surface Grinding Machine
    • Rotary Surface Grinding Machine
  • Thread Grinding Machine
    • Primary Components
    • Operational Axes
    • Uses
  • Tool and Cutter Grinding Machine
    • Primary Components
    • Operational Axes
    • Uses
  • Gear Grinding Machine
    • Primary Components
    • Operational Axes
    • Uses

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